Monica Hwang


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Monica Hwang counsels clients on energy-related project development matters, including joint ventures and complex commercial transactions. She has extensive experience working on liquefied natural gas import and export projects, handling the structuring for equity lifting; implementing tolling and sales models; and advising on gas supply and marketing arrangements. Among her vast industry experience is serving an integral role in the development of Freeport LNG—at the time, the largest non-recourse project financing in history—as well a consortium of investors into the Dominican Republic LNG import terminal, for which the joint venture won Latin American Finance Project of the Year.

Monica also advises on midstream and downstream project and commercial matters, including gas and crude oil/refined product terminalling.



  • Mandarin Chinese
  • Taiwanese

Honors & Awards

  • Recognized as an “Up and Coming” lawyer and listed as a “Notable Practitioner” for Projects: LNG, Chambers USA (2021)
  • Recognized as a “Key Lawyer” for Energy Transactions: Oil and Gas, The Legal 500 US (2021)
  • Recognized as a “Highly Regarded” Lawyer for Oil and Gas, IFLR1000
  • Burton Award for Excellence in Legal Writing (2014) for “Overview of Issues Common to Structuring, Negotiating and Documenting LNG Projects,” Journal of
    World Energy Law & Business
    (October 2013)


Bar Admissions

  • Texas


  • University of Houston, J.D.
  • The University of Texas at Austin, B.B.A.: cum laude

Professional Activities

Speaker or Panelist

  • “Trends for a Third Wave of US LNG Projects,” Bank of America Securities 2021 Global Energy Conference (November 18, 2021)
  • "Force Majeure in LNG," hosted by a financial institution for its investor clients (April 2020)
  • “U.S. Hydrocarbon Exports: A Legal and Practical View.” 6th Midstream Oil & Gas Law Conference, The Center for American and International Law (December 11, 2019)
  • “LNG Project Development,” International Oil & Gas Law, Contracts, and Negotiations Conference, Institute for Energy Law (October 3, 2019)
  • Presiding Officer, 18th Annual Gas and Power Institute, The University of Texas School of Law Continuing Legal Education (September 26, 2019)
  • “Updates on LNG Contracting,” Bank of America Merrill Lynch LNG Conference (March 2019)
  • “LNG Contracting Structures,” 17th Annual Gas and Power Institute, The University of Texas School of Law Continuing Legal Education (September 20, 2018)
  • “Structuring LNG Tolling Agreements: Negotiating Fee Structure and Payment, Lifting Terms, Liability, and Other Key Provisions,” Strafford Publications Inc. Webinar (May 16, 2017)
  • “LNG Development & Pitfalls on the Regulatory Side,” Houston Marine Insurance Seminar (September 2014)

Liquefied Natural Gas

  • Representing a small-scale project developer in the negotiation of various LNG import projects in Latin America
  • Represented shareholder investing in the $1 billion Gatun power plant in Panama, including negotiations of complex LNG import terminal use arrangements
  • Advised a shipping company on an LNG bunkering arrangements for its new-build vessels
  • Advised two LNG projects under development in western Canada
  • Advised NextDecade on its LNG marketing efforts, including the drafting of the announced 2 MTPA sales agreement with Shell
  • Represented Mozambique in the drafting and negotiation of LNG sales agreements with buyers, including the announced innovative 2.6 MTPA agreement with Tokyo Gas and Centrica